Features of a Development Plan

  • Convenience and cheap means of transport 
  • Good sanitation and water supply 
  • Open air spaces 
  • Population density control 
  • Proper situations for places of worship, education and recreation 
  • Rational layout 
  • Requirement and Distribution of Land (Land use pattern) 
  • Width of roads

Planning Standards

  • Educational facilities such as primary school, high school and college 
  • Medical facilities such as dispensary, health centre and hospital 
  • Shopping facilities such as departmental stores, shops, etc. 
  • Miscellaneous amenities such as burial ground, crematorium, cinema, auditorium, stadium, petrol filling cum service station, police station, post office, fire station, library, community hall, telephone exchange etc. 
  • Width of roads such as village roads, state roads, national highways etc. 
  • Development of land for the construction of buildings in the form of various building bye laws etc. 

Report of a Development Plan 

The written report accompanying the development plan should analyze the existing state of the town and it should include the following topics to suggest the improvement of town in general. 
  • Cost estimates for immediate measures 
  • Development of basic industries in urban and suburban zones 
  • Engineering infrastructure, site development, sanitation and hygienic measures 
  • Functional zoning and architectural principles involved in the town plan; pattern of highways and urban transportation; population growth for a design period and the first stage of construction 
  • Technical and economic factors of the project etc. 


Data to be Collected for Development Plan

  • Details of trades and industries 
  • Development of airports 
  • Environments of site
  • Facilities of transport 
  • Geological conditions of the site 
  • Land values and land use pattern
  • Locations of spots of natural beauty 
  • Locations of water supply units 
  • Meteorological details such as intensity and direction of wind, temperature, rainfall, etc. 
  • Mineral resources
  • Economic condition of the authority 
  • Places of historical origin 
  • Political position of the surrounding area 
  • Population 
  • Requirements for railway stations, goods yards and shipping facilities 
  • Special requirements for power houses, gas works, sewage disposal plant and storm water drainage

Drawings to be Prepared 

  • Boundaries of land of different types such as residential, agricultural, industrial, etc. 
  • Boundary of green belt around the town 
  • Contours of the whole city 
  • Different zones 
  • Landscape features 
  • Locations of public buildings and town centers 
  • Open spaces including parks and playgrounds 
  • Positions of natural springs, rivers and streams
  • Positions of public utility services such as water supply station, sewage disposal plant, power plant etc. Present and proposed communication systems 
  • Road system


Objectives of Town Development Plan

  • It arranges the pattern of a town in such a way so as to satisfy the present requirements without introduction of future improvements by the coming generations 
  • Restricting haphazard and unplanned growth
  • It helps to bring harmony and understanding between the different groups of the people 
  • It removes the defects of uncoordinated physical growth 
  • It serves as a guide to the planning body for making any recommendations for public improvement
  • It stimulates wider interest in community problems 
  • To coordinate the physical, economic, social and political forces that govern the structure of the community 
  • To formulate long term and short term action programs with a view to injecting long term considerations into short term actions 
  • It aims at intelligent and economic spending of the public funds for achieving welfare of the inhabitants in respect of amenity, convenience and health 
  • To organize and coordinate the complex relationships between urban land uses

Necessity of Development Plan 

  • To control the development of various industries in a systematic way 
  • To discourage the an used and unscientific way growth 
  • It serves an overall picture and program for the future development 
  • To offset the evils which have come up due to overcrowding of population such as acute shortage of houses, traffic congestion, inadequate open spaces and insufficiency in public amenities etc. 
  • To limit to a certain extent the unprecedented flow of rural population to the urban area