Spatial Planning

Spatial planning is rooted over space or territory. It is a kind of regional planning where planning is made on certain physical as well as socio cultural and economic region. It refers to the methods used by the public sector to influence the distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales. Spatial planning includes land use, urban, regional, transport and environmental planning. Other related areas are also important, including economic and community planning. Spatial planning takes place on local, regional, national and international levels and often result in the creation of a spatial plan. Spatial economic development is a vital part of government’s national economic policy focus.

Good policy choices and well executed planning can ensure balanced economic development of a nation and can help to address marginalization and poverty, particularly in rural areas. Regional/spatial planning gives geographical expression to the economic, social, cultural and ecological policies of society. It is at the same time a scientific discipline, an administrative technique and a policy developed as an interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach directed towards a balanced regional development and the physical organization of space according to an overall strategy. The main characteristics include

  •          Spatial planning focuses only in the overall development of certain region
  •          It is an approach in regional planning
  •          Spatial planning put emphasis on socio-economic development of the region
  •          It varies from one region to other
  •          It is more holistic in nature
  •          It is more objective
  •          Spatial planning is much applicable in developing as well as under developed countries



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