Elements of a Developmental Plan

1) Land Use

The developmental plan should indicate areas designated for residential, commercial, industrial, socio-cultural, recreational, administrative and other uses. 

2) Circulation

The roads, streets, railways, waterways, airways, terminal facilities, transit systems etc. for the movement of people, goods and services. 

3) Utilities, services and facilities

The developmental plan should indicates the desirable location, size and other particulars regarding public utilities like water supply, sewerage and power, and other services. 

4) Civic design

The developmental plan should depict the design of important elements of the city like civic centre, the central business district, shopping centres and cultural areas. 

5) Open spaces

The developmental plan indicates the location and extent of desirable open spaces for parks, playgrounds, stadiums, gardens, crematoria etc.

Legal Status of Development Plan 

The implementation of development plan would be possible if it is made legally binding on all the concerned authorities. Hence it should be made obligatory and give the plan. The legal status to facilitate its implementation. 


 The success of a plan depends on the active participation and cooperation of the people. A wide range of voluntary organizations and institutions such as youth clubs, colony associations, chambers of commerce, women councils and professional bodies may be involved in the planning process. The mass media such as newspapers, journals, radio, television and cinema can be effective in educating the public on civic problems and planning. Well-presented monographs, booklets, handouts, pamphlets, manuals, guides etc. go a long way in stimulating civic interest in planning. 

Planning Commission 

After independence, the Planning Commission was set up by the Government of India in March 1950. The Commission was instructed to 

  • Make an assessment of the material capital and human resources of the country, and formulate a plan for the most effective and balanced utilization of them 
  • To determine priorities, define the stages for carrying the plan and propose the allocation of resources for the due completion of each stage 
  • To act as an advisory body to the union government 
  • To determine the conditions which (in view of the then current sociopolitical conditions) should be established for the execution of the plan 
  • To advise the centre and the state government 

All the plans made by planning commission have to be approved by NDC (National Development Council) first. It was constituted to build cooperation between States and the Planning Commission. Like planning commission, NDC is also an extra constitutional/legal body. It was setup on 6th August 1952. State Planning Board is the Apex Planning body at State Level with Chief Minister as Chairman, Finance and Planning Ministers of the state and some technical members. District Planning Committee is also there comprising both official and nonofficial members. 

Types of Developmental Plans 

  • National development plan 
  • Sectoral development plan 
  • Local / Area development plan 
  • Zonal development plan
  • City development plan 
  • Regional development plan 



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